Nomenclature Answer Key


Craters of Mimas

The theme for naming the craters of Mimas is characters from old British Authurian legends. Other knights from the middle ages are also inlcuded.

Arthur

King of the Round Table

Balin

Knight of "matchless courage and virtue."

Bedivere

One of Author's knights

Elaine

Daughter of King Pelles, and mother of Sir Galahad.

Gawain

Eldest son of King Lot; Arthur's favorite cousin

Gwynevere

Queen; wife of Arthur

Igraine

Wife of Uther; mother of Arthur

Merlin

Magician and prophet; Arthur's mentor.

Modred

Arthur's illegitimate son and mortal enemy

Morgan

Arthur's half sister; enchantress; plotted to destroy Arthur but failed.

Percivale

Very pure knight who accomplished quest of Holy Grail.

Uther

Ruler of all Britain; Arthur's father.

Craters of Gaspra

The crateers of Gaspra are named after famous spas and resorts around the world.These names make Gaspra seem like an inviting place to visit!

Bath

Spa in England

Calistoga

Resort in California, USA

Carlsbad

Spa in Czech Republic

Helwain

Spa in Egypt

Krynica

Health resort in Poland

Loutraki

Spa in Greece

Mandal

Spa in Norway

Rio Hondo

Spa in Argentina

Saratoga

Spa in New York, USA

Tang-Sha

Spa in China

Yalta

Spa in Crimea, Ukraine

Zohar

Spa in Israel

Craters of Ariel

These craters are named after benevolent spirits of folklore or literature.

Agape

Spirit in Spenser's "Fairy Queene"

Ataksak

Eskimo benevolent spirit

Befana

Good spirit who fills Italian children's stockings with toys on twelfth night

Berylune

Good spirit in Maeterlinck's "The Bluebird"

Deive

Spirit of beautiful maiden

Djadek

Czech ancestral benevolent spirit and household guardian

Domovoy

Slavic spirit protector of home

Finvara

Irish king of spirits; provided horses and wine to men

Laica

Inca good spirit

Melusine

Spirit heroine of medieval French story

Rima

Spirit in Hudson's "Green Mansions"

Yangoor

Spirit that brings day

Craters of Europa

The craters on Europa are named after Celtic and Gaellic gods, goddesses and characters.

Angus

Beautiful Celtic god of love

 

Balor

Celtic god of the night whose evil eye caused the death of those on whom it glanced

Brigid

Celtic goddess of healing, smiths, fertility and poetry.

Camulus

Gaelic war god

Cliodhna

Celtic goddess of beauty who was lured asleep by music, then swept away by a great wave

Deirdre

The most beautiful woman in Irish myths.

Elathan

Handsome Celtic king, father of sun god Bres

Gwydion

Celtic poet, one of the children of the mother goddess Don

Llyr

Celtic sea god

Math

Celtic god of wealth and treasure

Pryderi

Celtic god of the underworld

Tegid

Celtic hero who lived in Bula Lake

Eruptive Centers on Io

These features are named after fire,blacksmiths and volano gods from around the world.

Loki

Norse blacksmith god

Masubi

Japanese fire god

Pele

Hawaiian goddess of the volcano

Prometheus

Greek fire god

Surt

Icelandic volcano god

Volund

Germanic supreme smith of the gods

Rupes on Mercury

These features are named after famous explorers' ships.

Astrolabe

French; d'Urville's ship to explore Antarctica, 1838-40

Discovery

English; Cook's ship on last voyage to Pacific, 1776-80

Fram

Norwegian; ship used in Arctic by Nansen, 1892-96, and by Sverdrup and Amundsen in Antarctica, 1909

Santa Maria

Spanish; Columbus' flagship, first voyage to America, 1492

Vostok

Russian; Bellingshausen's ship for Antarctic exploration, 1819-21

Zeehaen

Dutch; one of Tasman's ships to explore Australia, New Zealand, 1642-43.

All feature descriptions are from the USGS Nomenclature Website. These are listed under "Section 1: Names listed by planetary system, satellite, and feature type." Each planetary system is linked here with a complete nomenclature including feature type, name, origin and latitude/longitude coordinates.


BACK