The Drake Equation: Estimating the Number of Civilizations in the Milky Way

National Mathematics Education Standards

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    Algebra (grades 5-12):

    • Represent and analyze mathematical situations and structures using algebraic symbols
    • Analyze change in various contexts


    Data Analysis and Probability (grades 5-12):

    • Understand and apply basic concepts of probability
    • Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data


    Communication (grades 5-12):

    • Organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communications
    • Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely


    Connections (grades 5-12):

    • Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics