National Science Education Standards

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Unifying Concepts & Processes 
  • Systems, order, and organizations 
  • Evidence, models and explanation 
  • Change, constancy and measurement 
  • Form and function

Science As Inquiry
CONTENT STANDARD A:

As a result of activities in grades K-4, all students should develop

  • Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
  • Understanding about scientific inquiry

 

History and Nature of Science  

  • Science as a human endeavor 
  • Nature of science 
  • History of science 
Earth and Space Science  

OBJECTS IN THE SKY

  • The sun, moon, stars, clouds, birds, and airplanes all have properties, locations, and movements that can be observed and described.
  • The sun provides the light and heat necessary to maintain the temperature of the earth.

CHANGES IN THE EARTH AND SKY

  • Objects in the sky have patterns of movement. The sun, for example, appears to move across the sky in the same way every day, but its path changes slowly over the seasons. The moon moves across the sky on a daily basis much like the sun. The observable shape of the moon changes from day to day in a cycle that lasts about a month.

Physical Science  

POSITION AND MOTION OF OBJECTS

  • The position of an object can be described by locating it relative to another object or the background.
  • An object's motion can be described by tracing and measuring its position over time.